Almost one-third of adults will develop a bunion, a protrusion that causes your big toe to bend toward your other toes.
Despite how common bunions are, most people don’t think about them until they suspect they might have one. Almost anyone can develop a bunion. It doesn’t matter how old you are, and men and women alike can develop them.
How can you tell if the lump on your foot is actually a bunion or if it’s something else? If you notice these common bunion symptoms, you probably have a bunion developing.
You Have Pain and Tenderness in the Toe
Bunions tend to develop over time. You may not notice pain and tenderness as one of your first symptoms. Nonetheless, big toe pain is usually the symptom that makes people seek treatment.
Bunion pain is usually located in the base of the big toe or in the ball of your foot. If the pain is severe, you may not be able to walk properly.
Swelling and Redness Are Common Bunion Symptoms
Along with the bunion pain symptoms, you might notice swelling and redness. Your big toe and the ball of your foot may also feel warm to the touch.
The skin around the affected area may also become shiny.
You Have an Angular, Bony Bump
This is probably the first bunion symptom you noticed. You have an angular, bony bump on the side of your foot, at the base of the big toe. You may have a callus over it.
This may appear over time and even before bunion pain starts. The bump is caused by the widening of bones in your feet, known as metatarsals. This leads to misalignment.
Your big toe may start to bend toward your other toes.
This widening often happens with age, but bunions can affect almost anyone. The development of bunions appears to be hereditary. Certain shoes can make bunions worse, but they don’t cause them.
What Can You do about Bunions?
When they first start, bunions are often a mere annoyance. You may feel embarrassed about your feet. Over time, bunions can cause more severe complications.
If you do have a bunion, you and your podiatrist can develop a treatment plan. You may need special orthopedic shoes or insoles to help support the foot. If you have a job where you’re on your feet a lot, you may need modified duties.
For severe cases, you may need to consider bunion surgery. Sometimes called a bunionectomy, the procedure happens at a surgery center or hospital.
Bunion surgery should only be considered if your bunions are causing problems such as impairing your ability to walk.
Consult with a Doctor
If you have bunion symptoms, it’s time to check in with a podiatrist. They can help you determine if you do have a bunion. They can then help you determine the right treatment.
If you have a bunion, talk to a podiatrist today. They can help you manage your symptoms and get back to living your best life.